February 28, 2015

The GNU project

Riccardo Mottola: Graphos bitmap image display

Graphos is the vector-drawing application for GNUstep (and MacOS) of the GNUstep Application Project.

While it is centered on drawing bezier paths and derived shapes, I added support for copy&pasting images. While these images cannot be saved (the format doesn't support it yet) they still can be useful: since they are layered as any other object (and transparency alpha channel is honoured too), one can do interesting things as in this example:

We paste in the original image for LaternaMagica's icon. We start tracing it with simple shapes, here shown in black.

One can easily fit curves over the image, essentially doing a hand-trace. Very important is the usage of cusps and symmetric handles in bezier-paths, which will be the new feature of the upcoming Graphos release.

After a quick work, this is the first rough result:

I still need to fix some details: the display at zoom rates different than 100% doesn't work correctly with images.

by Riccardo (noreply@blogger.com)

February 27, 2015

The GNU project

FSF Blogs: Thank you, to reddit and the reddit community!

The FSF was selected as one of the 10! We were 8th on the list, just behind National Public Radio.

We received the news while I was meeting with our awesome technical team, hammering out our priorities for the next week and discussing the details of how we'll stream the upcoming LibrePlanet conference using exclusively free software. Our collective jaws dropped.

Thank you!

It is an honor to receive such a strong endorsement—and such trust—from the reddit community. It's also a responsibility, and we will use the money wisely.

As one of the smallest charities on the list, our staff of 13 works incredibly hard to win back your freedom as computer users; getting us closer to a world where all of what we need to do on all of our computers can be done, and done safely, using only free "as in freedom" software.

Since we are driven primarily by contributions from individuals (they were about 80% of the $1.02 million in support we received last fiscal year), this amount will make reddit one of our largest donors this year, right up there with TowardEX and the Markley Group, who generously donate just about all of our bandwidth and colocation space.

As this year is the FSF's 30th anniversary, we had set an ambitious goal of $525,000 for our winter fundraiser, which ended January 31st. We came up a bit shy then—but with this donation, we have actually exceeded that goal.

Thank you all for making this year extra-special for us! Now it's time to see how much more we can do for you.

Defective by Design

In DMCA anti-circumvention fight, we don't want exemptions, we want justice

The Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) has one particularly draconian measure criminalizing the circumvention of digital restrictions management (DRM). This section, which appears in law as 17 U.S.C §1201 states that "[n]o person shall circumvent a technological measure that effectively controls access to a work". This facet of the law completely violates users' rights to their own devices, and their legitimate use rights to copyrighted works. The law further criminalizes the sharing of tools and information needed to circumvent these restrictions. As paltry compensation, Congress did carve out a narrow window of opportunity to exempt certain uses via the DMCA exemption process. Congress claims that this exemption process is sufficient to protect our rights, but it tragically isn't. Even worse, international treaties like the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) seek to export this terrible law (along with many others) to the whole rest of the world.

Every three years, the Library of Congress (LOC) takes proposals for uses that should be exempt from the DMCA's anti-circumvention provisions. Activists, companies, and trade organizations have to not only propose new exemptions, they must also plead with the LOC to continue exemptions that were previously granted. The LOC then takes these proposals, along with the comments for and against them, and does whatever the heck it wants. They often get things comically wrong, and the last round of exemptions failed to leave the right to unlock your own cell phone alone. The LOC was so far off-base that Congress actually intervened and reinstated the right to unlock cellphones. Congress unfortunately dropped the ball here as well, only asking the LOC to consider whether unlocking should be permitted on other mobile devices like tablets, instead of simply reinstating the right. But with the reinstatement of the cellphone unlocking exemption less than a year in the rear-view mirror, we're already back fighting again to protect users from this wrong-headed law.

And the process isn't simple. Exemptions need to be narrowly tailored, sometimes being directed at a single application or device. People fighting for the rights of users have to spend countless hours drafting formal documents. The instructions for filing a comment explicitly state that the process is not a vote; that more involved comments will have a greater effect. This unfairly gives an advantage to organizations with greater resources, and takes away power from individuals who care about controlling their own computing.

Every three years we are forced to come back to this burdensome process to fight to keep and expand our right to use our software, devices, and media with free software. Every three years we have to propose to keep our current exemptions, and to push for new ones as new technology and software comes about. Because the exemptions are so narrow, we're forced to draft dozens of exemptions and hope that a few get through.

While in the past we prioritized our limited resources on the exemptions that would have the greatest effect on computer user freedom, this round, we supported every proposed exemption. Every. Single. One. There is no moral justification for DRM, let alone for a law that places criminal penalties on those who are forced to circumvent such restrictions in order to use their own software and devices. From video game consoles to cars, from cellphones to implanted medical devices, we support the right of users to unlock, jailbreak, modify, and study the tools and software they own. We even supported an exemption for a single music recording device that two people have been pleading with the Library of Congress for years to have freed. Every digital restriction is an affront to freedom, even if it only affects one user. In all 27 comments that we filed, we push for the Library of Congress to simply end this madness and create an exemption for all uses. We further demanded that this exemption should extend to sharing of tools, software and instructions intended to circumvent DRM. And as for Congress, when they inevitably have to come in and correct the mistakes of the LOC, we demand that they simply repeal all restrictions on circumvention.

In the mean time, the fight continues. The next round of comments, from those who oppose even these limited exemptions, will be arriving. We'll be keeping track of who these offenders are and pushing users to fight back against those who want to profit from criminalizing user freedom. The TPP negotiations are threatening the rest of the world with these same terrible provisions and must be stopped. But we're not alone in this fight. Along with our fellow freedom fighters at organizations like the Electronic Frontier Foundation, Public Knowledge, the Software Freedom Conservancy and the Berkman Center for Internet & Society, we know we can rely on individuals like you to aid in the battle against DRM. Here's what you can do to help:

  • Share our story with your friends, family and coworkers on social media.
  • Join our Defective by Design mailing list to keep up to date on the DMCA anti-circumvention battle.
  • If you are in the U.S.A., write to your legislators and demand that they repeal the DMCA's anti-circumvention provisions.
  • If you are anywhere in the world, fight back against TPP and other agreements like it.
  • Donate to help support our work in this fight.

by Georgia Young

The GNU project

FSF Blogs: One month until LibrePlanet! Pre-order t-shirts through March 9th.

Register now to join the free software community at LibrePlanet 2015.

If you register by Monday, March 9th, you'll be able to pick up a spiffy LibrePlanet 2015 t-shirt. And don't forget that FSF members get gratis admission—and help support free software year-round!

Read on if you'd like more information about volunteering, child care reimbursements, the program, the LibrePlanet email discussion list, or participating remotely.

Volunteering (get gratis admission!)

Volunteers are crucial to LibrePlanet, and we need more to make this year awesome. Give two hours or more of your time and you'll get gratis admission, a LibrePlanet t-shirt, and lunch. You'll choose from a wide variety of tasks including A/V and livestreaming management, visitor services, and speaker support. Get started by telling us your skills and interests through the quick volunteer application.

Child care reimbursements

We're happy to offer childcare reimbursements, so that you can come to LibrePlanet even if you've got young hackers at home. To apply or find out more, contact campaigns@fsf.org no later than Friday, March 6th.


The program is up, so you can start thinking about which sessions you'd like to attend. This year's conference will be jam packed with great talks like "Fighting surveillance with a free, distributed, and federated net," "Style or substance? Free software is totally the 80's," and "Free software at the African Institute for Mathematical Sciences." Make sure you check out the social events, including the Friday night 30th Anniversary Open House—check the website for more details.

LibrePlanet starts on the list

Looking to coordinate travel with other LibrePlanet attendees? Brainstorm ideas for lightning talks? Organize a get-together after the conference? Join the libreplanet-discuss email list to connect with other LibrePlanet attendees. The list is active year-round as part of the libreplanet.org community.

Participating remotely

Even if you can't make it to Cambridge, you can still participate in LibrePlanet! We'll be livestreaming the conference and hosting an online discussion in real time, then posting all the session recordings online after the conference. Bookmark the remote participation page now: libreplanet.org/2015/live.

That's all for now! Hope to see you at LibrePlanet.

The Next Layer

The Mixed Political Economy of Guifi.net

This chapter throws a closer look at the different models used economically by Freifunk and Guifi. In particular, it investigates in which ways the fact that Guifi has a mixed political economy contributed to its growth. This sub-chapter also investigates the terms in which network freedom is defined and with which other ideas and measures it is connected.

Guifi and Freifunk have chosen different models. In Germany, it seems there is a high ethical stance adopted by volunteers who are building and maintaining networks. The initial Model 1 as proposed by Consume (see Chapter 1) was that each node should be built and maintained by its owner. But this turned out to be slightly utopian. Building proper, reliable nodes goes still far beyond the capacity of the average user. So in Germany, the networks are built by volunteers, who donate free labour to build and maintain networks.

In Spain that happens too, but in addition to voluntary work there is also the option of having people come to build one's node in a paid capacity. Only slowly I start to understand what a complex „being“ Guifi.net is. I am not implying that volunteers in Spain are less idealistic than their German peers. But I would like to high-light that Guifi has created a unique mixed economy where capitalist elements can co-exist with the commons, and vice versa.

Guifi is managing an expanded web of contacts between node builders and node owners via the Guifi website. This website is, by the way, far mor than simply a website, but more like a central hub that facilitates the growth of Guifi. A quite elaborate social media system has been built, which allows users to rate network builders, who are often small IT companies, consisting of one or two people. In times of a severe economic crisis in Spain, this enables afficionados of free software and free networks to earn a bit of money. Maybe this gives Guifi a chance to maintain its fast growth rates: https://guifi.net/guifi/menu/stats/nodes

In Germany, it seems, paying people to build networks is anathema to most. The shared ethical stance - which has been voluntarily adopted and not been imposed by anyone - demands that people build free networks through free labour. Both models have their pros and cons. The German model works as long as enough techies are available to donate their time. Even the Berlin Backbone is built without paid labour. The funding from the Berlin Brandenburg Media Agency is only used for hardware and other materials.

The Spanish model seems to work pretty well too. But it can also have centrifugal consequences. Some of those service providers will always want to privatize the network segment they have created. They will try to take their customers with them and build a service provider company. However, to prevent this, is the job of the Guifi foundation.

Both, Guifi and Freifunk have become very strong in advocacy. Neither of which sees itself as a centralized company or a network provider. Neither the Guifi Foundation nor the Freifunk Förderverein (not-for-profit umbrella organisation) are running those networks. Their task is to advocate the building of free networks in two directions: on one hand, towards the official world of institutions, city, town and village administrations, and internally, regarding the community of active and potential network builders. But there is also a difference, regarding the type of advocay.

In my view - which I do not claim to be objective and someone can come and correct me - Guifi advocates the right of access to the Internet as a fundamental freedom and right for all people more strongly than anybody else, while Freifunk argues slightly differently, advocating the politcal implications of a free network, free from government surveillance and commercial interests, which may distort network freedom.

Guifi is consciously creating a network commons, and uses also the term commons in its language.

Ramon Roca: the network is managed as in commons, whatever you have wireless, and cable bound, whichever protocols, and all the economics – which are a lot - have to respect that the network is in commons, it is not in control of a single person, single company, single point of interest. That does not mean that there can be no business, a lot of business can happen around that but based on the service.

He insists that whoever makes a business there by building the network, planning, and maintaining it „has to respect that the return comes from his services. It is not coming from claiming ownership of the network and then asking a higher price to whoever wants to use it, they have to respect the Internet as commons.“

RR: We are not building a private Internet, we are part of the Internet. Internet is the result of the networks, so we are simply a part of that. We have a portion of the Internet that works as in commons, and other portions maybe do not work as a commons. And the only thing we have to do is to interconnect. So what happens inside the commons is we do not charge anything for interconnecting.

The mixed economy allows people to build a business model for instance by providing some kind of support after disasters. They guarantee they will bring a node back within 4 hours for a certain fee. But you are not charging for interconnecting between networks, which is called peering, the concept of peering. Guifi are systematically peering, for free, explains Ramon

You don't take economic advantage from each other, don't be intrusive in terms of looking what they are doing, in terms of privacy also which is taken care by the licenses, and doing the business but not in controlling the network, keeping it as in commons.

In order to do so, it would be good to be able to rely on the state as a benevolent partner. Commons theorists maintain that there should be alliances betwen democratic governments to create commons enabling legislation. Yet regulation can be easily circumvented.

Ramon Roca: „But even talking in market terms, everybody knows that the market does not work if there is no competition. There are many ways of avoiding to have competition happen. So that's why in every country you have a regulatory agency to ensure that happens or not. When there is an incumbent with too much different between the others, there is no free competition and they will do whatever to protect their position, such as to create bureaucratic problems. They will use any opportunity to create bureaucratic problems ... this is a very long story.
And this differs between countries, but often the regulator can be captured by the lobbies interest because they are very powerful.

The interests of the incumbent are often more highly on the mind of politicians than the interest of the majority of people. Nevertheless, so far Guifi have been able to fight off any charges, whether they come from government or business.

In order to keep the balance between commercial business and those merely participating in the network as a commons, All users of Guifi.net have to subscribe to „The Compact for a Free, Open & Neutral Network“ (FONN Compact). This contract has carefully looked at other examples such as the Pico Peering Agreement and has enshrined network freedom in a small number of principles to which everyone has to subscribe, thus allowing a network to grow which has different property structures, but works as a commons regardless, through its committment to interconnect. The understanding of the three principles deserves some closer explanation. I quote:

“1. It is open because it is universally open to the participation of everybody without any kind of exclusion nor discrimination, and because it is always described how it works and its components, enabling everyone to improve it.
2. It is free because everybody can use it for whatever purpose and enjoy it as foreseen in the freedoms of the “General principles” section, independently of his network participation degree.
3. it is neutral because the network is independent of the contents, it does not influence them and they can freely circulate; the users can access and produce contents independently to their financial capacity or their social condition. The new contents produced by guifi.net are orientated to stimulate new ones, or for the network administration itself, or simply in exercise of the freedom of adding new contents, but not to replace or to to block other ones
It is also neutral with regard to the technology, the network can be built with whatever technology chosen by the participants with the only limitations resulting of the technology itself.

However, any rule needs enforcement in order to function. Guifi.net has chosen to look at Elinor Ostrom's research on how commons can function and avoid their „tragedy.“ From the design principles for a commons, they have chosen

4) Effective monitoring by monitors who are part of or accountable to the appropriators

This one of the reasons why Guifi is applying network monitoring methods. This is another thing which initially perplexed me. In the early days of Consume, metering would have been seen as a first step towards charging and thus in opposition to the spirit of network freedom. Ramon Roca disagrees:

„We aim for a net neutrality, not only the commons. That's far from being a religion, to be neutral we should maintain agnostic in all aspects, technology, between volunteer activity or professional activity, allow all uses from free as in beer or commercial services on it..., be safe from governments,...not to say about politics or religions. Important not to become fundamentalist.

It seems that Guifi does not only have no problems with metering traffic, but on the contrary, sees it as a prerequisite for building an effective network commons.

For sustainability of the commons and manage the network you need capacity planning and economics involved in investments or operating expenses (regardless of there is money in between or not). For sure requires metering for managing the network itself, diagnose where is required more capacity, etc ...

As the mixed political economy of Guifi.net includes governments and businesses, the metering also serves the aim of checking if people pay their dues. The condition for businesses and administrations participating in the commons infrastructure is that they have to compensate, by paying back something.

The Guifi.net website is the embodiment of this social and technological construct which is Guifi, a network commons based on a mixed political economy. The metering capacity also is a necessity for network planning. And recently, Guifi cant be called a wireless community network anymore, since it has started to deploy more and more fiber:

Ramon Roca: “we started in 2009; we were realizing that fiber was getting much cheaper, and also much more reliable and capable; but it's a difficult journey, with lots of bureaucracy, it's a complex project, but still a planning issue.”

Once the new way of working with fiber has been mastered, explains Ramon, it is quite easy to roll out and can be much more cost effective than anything else. With fiber, Guifi can offer one Gigabit per second symmetric bandwidth. Fiber, Ramon Roca is convinced, is the future.

All those properties together, Guifi's mixed economy, its strength in advocacy, the existence of effective mechanisms for conflict resolution through supervision and its agnosticism, if one can say so, against anything fundamentalist, make this a very open, very adaptable model which is, in my view, the secret of Guifi's success. And Guifi's mixed political economy have allowed it to grow at a rate that has made itself visible in government statistics.

Ramon Roca: “in 2004 the region, Osona with 150.000 inhabitants, was ranked 31st in Catalonia in terms of bandwidth, and now we have 10 percent above the average, because it was the first region to reach the European average. So now we can provide that we are the only county on Catalonia that meets the European average, and this year we went above the average. If you look to the statistics you see we make the difference, it's the 10 percent. By having alternatives it makes sure meeting the digital agenda, like 2020, of the European Union. We are maybe still minoritarian, we are still 10 percent, but that 10 percent will make a difference.”

[to be continued]

by Armin Medosch

February 25, 2015

The GNU project

Riccardo Mottola: GNUMail and TalkSoup getting back to MacOS

In the effort of peppin up and removing bitrot from TalkSoup, the GNUstep IRC client, I am doing  a native build of it on MacOS.
Apparently there was a port in the past, but it was not an Xcode build and it uses may tricks.
I have already ported the application the core and the main bundles: this pointed out many weak parts of the code and many more warnings than I was getting on GNUstep.

Soon I will be able to make a new, updated release!

The application works now much better! x86 and PPC... so I can enjoy a chat on my iBook:

Also GNUMail has progress: before running only on ppc and 10.4, now the application runs fine also on x86!
During this process I am also trying to modernize GNUMail's code gradually: the application was written for GNUstep, but the Macintosh port was port with a lot of conditional code, 10  and years ago GNUstep was less complete. A lot of these exception can now be removed. I am going to investigate each of them and remove as many of them.

by Riccardo (noreply@blogger.com)


The Ultimate Art

Under capitalist democracy there exists the deep anxiety
Of the artist who is never able to escape the role afforded
Him by the plutocrats that has divided his beloved country
Into two classes, wolves and sheep, a hierarchy regarded
With much merit, a fate most inescapable in the industrialised
World where the artist’s identity is defined by what he does
And where he sits in the manufactory, churning out glossy
Eye candy, romantic verses, regurgitated music and videos
Here the production is immense and builds the artist’s bevy
Of existence by expectation, of a life expressed in anxiety.

And so the artist rebels, attempting to escape categorisation
He abhors traditional ethics and morality, defies wolves and
Sheep, but failing miserably and falling deeply into alienation
He finds his own subjectivity unbearable in the presence and
Possibility of his master, the Other, the system that enslaves
him with brotherly gaze, the eye of God that is always present
But is never seen, and only against which the rest of his days
Are given meaning as he makes art for – , makes art against -,
Makes art from – , makes art with – and of – , limiting his free
Will and making sense of one and only one thing — suicide.

Fatima Lasay, San Roque
Wednesday, February 25, 2015

by fatima

February 24, 2015

The GNU project

autoconf-archive @ Savannah: Noteworthy changes in release 2015.02.24

AX_CHECK_ENABLE_DEBUG now uses $ax_is_release as default for IS-RELEASE.

AX_IS_RELEASE now supports micro-version policies.

Portability of AX_CXX_COMPILE_STDCXX_0X has been improved.

AX_PROG_HAXE_VERSION is a new macro to detect the presence of Haxe <http://haxe.org>.

AX_COMPILER_FLAGS has undergone extensive re-factoring.

AX_COMPILER_FLAGS_CXXFLAGS is a new macro that tests available C++ compiler warnings.

AX_CXX_COMPILE_STDCXX_11 can now test for SFINAE with template aliases.

AX_APPEND_FLAG: Fix a regression introduced in the previous release.


Outing A.I.: Beyond the Turing Test - NYTimes.com

Outing A.I.: Beyond the Turing Test - NYTimes.com:

Artificial Intelligence (A.I.) is having a moment, albeit one marked by crucial ambiguities. Cognoscenti including Stephen Hawking, Elon Musk and Bill Gates, among others, have recently weighed in on its potential and perils. After reading Nick Bostrom’s book “Superintelligence,” Musk even wondered aloud if A.I. may be “our biggest existential threat.”…


Civilisation and Two Forms

The culmination of the various means of forced labour
Against the capitalist diktat of a great western civilisation
May take on two related forms as I have witnessed for
Two decades passed with each a struggle into cessation
Of all psychological and physical activism against the state
They pray the system submits to a collective suicide yet
Until then there are two forms, yes two forms, first is a fate
Of complete mental degeneracy under duress of legal authority
Drugs of mental restraint and the suicide of a smoking spate
Albeit slowly, financing gains for the great tobacco industry.

Second is the strict production of whore art under license
Of the banks of popular culture through which the pimp state
Profits from the high beliefs of self-proclaimed outcasts whose
Status is only possible through the benediction of the same great
Satan against whom they practise their struggles, a narcissism
Dutifully ensues as they view each other as sexual competitors
Each convinced of their uniqueness in an ocean of parasitism
With the master they despise, there is no dignity in such vitriols
They scream against the hand that feeds them, they pretend
To be avatars of Oriental poverty but cannot submit to its demands.

Fatima Lasay, San Roque
Tuesday, February 24, 2015

by fatima

February 23, 2015

Devuan Weekly News

[Dng] Devuan Weekly News XIII

Devuan Weekly News Issue XIII

Volume 002, Week 8, Devuan Week 13

Released 24/02/12015 HE



In the same way that Devuan is the project of a group, with people more dedicated and people around giving advice and support, and thoughts and opinions, the Devuan Weekly News (soon to change name) is the project of a group as well. Like Devuan, it is a growing group, with a small core doing the hard resuming work but several other eyes providing advice, hunting for typos, making small text contibutions and, in general, proofreading.

I want to expressly thank those people who make the last issues of DWN possible. You can contribute too!


Last Week in Devuan

Unanswered questions

Some threads on the list are questions that have been not answered.

Isaac Dunham asks for the best way to split a library package, for his libsysdev project.

Trios packages openrc

lkcl reports that somebody at Debian User Forums reports that Trios GNU/Linux uses OpenRC and is free of systemd, and wonders about this kind of info being hard to find. golinux answers that this was already posted on this list. Some other list members informed that it works for them.

Adoption of packages

In the long thread about towards systemd-free packages hellekin reminds us that

> Volunteers for package adoption can now head to the > devuan-maintainers project.

The Onion Principle

Noel shows us why concentrating in developing only core systemd-free packages does not mean that we are currently a real fork nor a derivative, since that depends on what we add to that core in subsequent releases.

> To resume the principle: The best way to create a very complex > project is to add one layer at a time.

XFCE et al

David H points us at XFCE which runs in FreeBSD and OpenIndiana virtual Machines as well as in Linux, and is about to publish a new release. He wonders if one of the Devuan developers should contact them, and the unanimous answer was that he can do that himself.

On a later thread, David confirmed that he contacted them by e-mail.

removing systemd and libsystemd0 in a desktop

lkcl reports that he progressed in the task of removing libsystemd0 in a computer running a desktop. He later reports that turning off autoconfiguration on Xorg makes the trick.

Isaac Dunham reports that he has been able too to have a working Xorg without udev, thanks to a clever trick:

> The trick is that input devices have a description at > /sys/dev/char/<major>:<minor>/device/name

Now it seems clear that a good part of the Depends on udev are not true dependencies.

lkcl also publicited it in slashdot.

mdev packaging

In a branch to the previous thread, Isaac Dunham reports that he has packaged mdev. Then it follows some back and forth about issues with the new code. This is an architecture-independent script to make boxes bootable without udev.

mdev and udev

In a sub-branch of the previous branch, Godefridus Daalmans asks if purging udev means creates need for the old-style makedev. Isaac Dunham answers that mdev does not depend on makedev.

LoginKit on the pre-alpha

Dima reports that the Valentine’s pre-alpha is able to work with LoginKit.

systemd free badge

Jaromil suggests the idea of creating a badge about a distribution being systemd-free, to be used by all distributions that share the same idea.

hellekin raises the concern that it might be overpolarizing the issue and maybe giving systemd some publicity it doesn’t deserve.

Joel Roth, on the other hand, suggested using a different text for the badge on the lines of Classical Unix Administration and some others.

David Harrison suggests changing to the stanza of an Init Freedom badge. Init Freedom gained some traction on the list.

Linux kernel and the force behind it

hal stars a discussion about an Ars Technica article about the development speed of the Linux kernel, and how it may be being directed by big companie like Red Hat Inc.

Gravis makes a point about most patches coming from companies are for drivers, bug fixes and new features, not for changinf the main direction of the kernel development.

John Crisp cites a comment from Trevor Potts to an article in The Register, the comment indicating that the point on systemd is that Red Hat is effectively trying to dominate the Linux ecosystem by making as much software as possible dependent on systemd and thus render Linux (and Linus) prescindible.

Discussion then mutated in another one about intended audience for Devuan, and later on to a one about pros and cons of dbus over alternative solutions like standard IPC, SunRPC, and ZeroMQ.

A branch on the audience side started by Nate praises the pragmatic approach of going with Xfce as Devuan’s default desktop for the first release.

KDE systemd lock-in

golinux reports that KDE Will Depend on ‘logind’ and ‘timedated’ in 6 Months. The original article specifies that it will not depend on systemd as init system.

UEFI Secure Boot not secure

Robert Storey expresses concerns about UEFI being even more vulnerable than BIOS to malware, and BIOS motherboards becoming scarce. Gravis sums up reminding issues detected on hard disks firmware as well. It may be that the future is in writing free formware.

Easy forkability

In a cryptically named thread, Ста Деюс asks how to protect Devuan if the kind of people who corrupted Debian comes and infects it. Hendrik Boom (changing the thread Subject to something more akin) answers that a priority for Devuan should be making it easy to fork, for if it becomes needed.

Katolaz also reminds us that freedom of choice is a mere illusion on most sides of any distro: kernel, libc, pam, X, etc. While the principle is sound, its feasibility is not guaranteed.

Martijn Dekkers points out the "benevolent dictator" way the VUAs use on Devuan may be the best.

Looking for advice in preparation to switch from Debian to Devuan

Anto asks how to smoothly upgrade from Debian Wheezy or Jessie to systemd. Nuno Magalhães suggests to pin on wheezy versions, and reading the documentation that this list has produced.

GDM switched to Wayland by default

Jaromil reports that GDM will use Wayland by default. Concerns were raised about the degree of dependency of Wayland on systemd, but it seems that the Wayland protocol is independent on systemd, according to Jude Nelson and Jack L. Frost.

systemd NOCOW on btrfs

Jim Murphy wonders about systemd putting its journal file with the NOCOW flag. Didier Kryn and Adam Borowski elaborates on how it exactly works.

Some off-branch discussion arised about kludging own code around compiler (or even library) issues.

Three usability features

Jonathan Wilkes points out how important (and safe) it could be for novice users to have

  • A selectable list of wifi connections

  • An immediate search for applications by natural language typing or name

  • A menu raising after pressing the Super (Windows logo) key

Ron points out that 1 can be done with wicd. Jaromil states that these issues are important but not a priority for Devuan Jessie. Steve Litt gives dmenu and umenu as examples of programs able to cope with 2 and 3.

vdev status update

Jude gives an update on the status of vdev. It is

> closer to being done than closer to having been just started, and > it’s mature enough that early testers can start experimenting with > using it

Some technical interchange comes later to enrich mdev and udev.

plan to install valentine pre-alpha on real hardware

Hendrik Boom reports he is about to install Valentine’s pre-alpha on real hardware, and requests advice about how to make it boot from an USB drive. Jude explains about dd and Envite about BIOS boot method.

In the press

Linux Format February 2015 (Issue 194)

The Linux press is taking notice of the Devuan project. Issue 194 of Linux Format carries a short article outlining the Debian schism and Devuan’s manifesto as outlined on the website.

The article quotes the devuan site several times and includes a link. The subsequent editorial remarks are fairly balanced, tough a little downbeat about Devuan’s chances to win users over from Debian. Some here might, of course, disagree.

See this Tuxradar page for details of issue 194 (February 2015).

Devuan’s Not Gnome

DNG is the discussion list of the Devuan Project.

Help us to write the issue for the next week. There will be a lot to read!

Thanks for reading us this week.

Sincerely yours, the Sleepless Team:

  • Noel, "er Envite" (Editor)
  • hellekin (Markup master)
  • golinux (main typo spotter)
  • David Harrison (press clipper)
  • DocScrutinizer05 (fellow typo spotter)


by Noel Torres

Annamaria Monteverdi

Media Art Festival. La nuova videoarte italiana a cura di Veronica D’Auria (Roma, 25 febbraio-1 marzo)

“La nuova videoarte italiana: linee di ricerca intermediale nel mondo del software” selezione dall’archivio del C.A.R.M.A.-Centro d’Arti e Ricerche Multimediali Applicate a cura di Veronica D’Auria  dal 25 febbraio al 1 marzo 2015 Centrale Montemartini, Roma All’interno del Media Art Festival di Roma C.A.R.M.A. – Centro d’Arti e Ricerche Multimediali Applicate presenta, nella suggestiva location della […]

by annamaria monteverdi


Rob Kitchin | Continuous Geosurveillance in the “Smart City”

Rob Kitchin | Continuous Geosurveillance in the “Smart City”:
For the past couple of decades there has been a steady stream of analysis that has documented the ways in which the rollout of new
digital and networked technologies have enabled increasingly pervasive
and extensive forms of state and corporate surveillance. Such
technologies have the capability to capture and communicate data about
their use; simultaneously a wealth of sophisticated software has been
developed that processes and acts on such data in automated, autonomous,
and automatic ways. Importantly, the use of embedded GPS, sensors, and
digital cameras are enabling location and movement to be tracked,
facilitating extensive geosurveillance of people and places…

February 22, 2015

The GNU project

parallel @ Savannah: GNU Parallel 20150222 (' (((:~{> Krudttønden') released

GNU Parallel 20150222 (' (((:~{> Krudttønden') has been released. It is available for download at: http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/parallel/

Haiku of the month:

xargs' space and quote
headache causing behaviour.
Use GNU Parallel
-- Ole Tange

New in this release:

  • --tmux has gotten a major overhaul.
  • Bug fixes and man page updates.

GNU Parallel - For people who live life in the parallel lane.

About GNU Parallel

GNU Parallel is a shell tool for executing jobs in parallel using one or more computers. A job is can be a single command or a small script that has to be run for each of the lines in the input. The typical input is a list of files, a list of hosts, a list of users, a list of URLs, or a list of tables. A job can also be a command that reads from a pipe. GNU Parallel can then split the input and pipe it into commands in parallel.

If you use xargs and tee today you will find GNU Parallel very easy to use as GNU Parallel is written to have the same options as xargs. If you write loops in shell, you will find GNU Parallel may be able to replace most of the loops and make them run faster by running several jobs in parallel. GNU Parallel can even replace nested loops.

GNU Parallel makes sure output from the commands is the same output as you would get had you run the commands sequentially. This makes it possible to use output from GNU Parallel as input for other programs.

You can find more about GNU Parallel at: http://www.gnu.org/s/parallel/

You can install GNU Parallel in just 10 seconds with: (wget -O - pi.dk/3 || curl pi.dk/3/) | bash

Watch the intro video on http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL284C9FF2488BC6D1

Walk through the tutorial (man parallel_tutorial). Your commandline will love you for it.

When using programs that use GNU Parallel to process data for publication please cite:

O. Tange (2011): GNU Parallel - The Command-Line Power Tool, ;login: The USENIX Magazine, February 2011:42-47.

If you like GNU Parallel:

  • Give a demo at your local user group/team/colleagues
  • Post the intro videos on Reddit/Diaspora*/forums/blogs/ Identi.ca/Google+/Twitter/Facebook/Linkedin/mailing lists
  • Get the merchandise https://www.gnu.org/s/parallel/merchandise.html
  • Request or write a review for your favourite blog or magazine
  • Request or build a package for your favourite distribution (if it is not already there)
  • Invite me for your next conference

If you use GNU Parallel for research:

  • Please cite GNU Parallel in you publications (use --bibtex)

If GNU Parallel saves you money:


GNU sql aims to give a simple, unified interface for accessing databases through all the different databases' command line clients. So far the focus has been on giving a common way to specify login information (protocol, username, password, hostname, and port number), size (database and table size), and running queries.

The database is addressed using a DBURL. If commands are left out you will get that database's interactive shell.

When using GNU SQL for a publication please cite:

O. Tange (2011): GNU SQL - A Command Line Tool for Accessing Different Databases Using DBURLs, ;login: The USENIX Magazine, April 2011:29-32.

About GNU Niceload

GNU niceload slows down a program when the computer load average (or other system activity) is above a certain limit. When the limit is reached the program will be suspended for some time. If the limit is a soft limit the program will be allowed to run for short amounts of time before being suspended again. If the limit is a hard limit the program will only be allowed to run when the system is below the limit.

February 20, 2015

The GNU project

FSF Blogs: Tell Lenovo: respect user freedom and prevent future Superfishes

The basis of the problem is a program by Superfish that is designed to interject advertisements into users' Web browsing. That's irritating, but it gets worse. Superfish also installs a certificate that intercepts Web traffic and cripples the host computer's ability to use HTTPS to validate the authenticity of Web sites. This leaves an open door for attackers to use fake versions of sites that should be secure -- like bank Web sites -- to steal personal information. You can read more about the vulnerability at Ars Technica.

Whenever you use proprietary software like Windows or Superfish, true, trustable, verifiable security is always out of reach. Because proprietary code can't be publicly inspected, there's no way to validate its security. Users have to trust that the code is safe and works as advertised. Since proprietary code can only be modified by the developers who claim to own it, users are powerless to choose the manner in which security bugs are fixed. With proprietary software, user security is secondary to developer control.

Recent high-profile security vulnerabilities in free software, like Heartbleed and POODLE, were created when well-intentioned developers made mistakes that were difficult to detect. But this is different -- Lenovo and Superfish caused a massive security breach for the sake of expedience in generating ad revenue.

These companies have shown such blatant disregard for the public trust that they will have to work hard to restore it. Lenovo should work with a third party committed to the public interest -- like the Free Software Foundation -- to create and sell laptops that are certified to respect user freedom and come with a preinstalled free operating system. Join us in calling for this change on social media (see our recommendations for social media platforms).

Microblog about Lenovo's Superfish vulnerability.

Regardless of what Lenovo does, you can minimize your risk of exposure to Superfish and similar threats by uninstalling proprietary operating systems and using a free GNU/Linux distribution signed by a source you trust. If you are interested in a new computer, the FSF currently certifies two retail laptops that come with no proprietary software through our Respects Your Freedom program, and you can build your own free software-friendly computer with guidance from the community-maintained hardware database h-node.

If you have used a Lenovo computer running Superfish, make sure to reset any passwords you use on the Web, as they may have been intercepted.

The Next Layer

We are only just beginning, Part 2

The previous chapter has delved into some of the bigger implications of free networks in relation to the overal historic development, the emergence of network society and its regulatory crisis. This sub-chapter engages more closely with the various free network initiatives and asks the question, what makes a network sustainable, or successful, or not. The upgraded chapter contemplates over the reasons for the success of Guifi and Freifunk.With more interview excerpts from Ramon Roca who explains his vision of the network commons.

While I do not insinuate that every member of Freifunk or Guifi.net shares political ideas from any particular part of the left, the “freifunk statt angst freedom box” contains a liberating software which has some of the properties of self-organisation built into its routing protocols. Since the last chapter was written, Freifunk continues its spirited fight on many levels.

A new report has been released http://mabb.de/presse/pressemitteilungen/details/wlan-fuer-alle-freie-funknetze-in-der-praxis.html by the media agency of Berlin and Brandenburg who have now supported for some years the building of a Berlin Backbone. But campaigns by legal firms also continues and the climate remains volatile. So what is it that makes a project successful? And what is success anyway? Can it be repeated? Scaling?

Map of open wifi http://www.publicwifi.de/

The main difference is that between places where broadband is available at reasonable cost and where this is not the case. Often this comes down to the difference between the city and the countryside. Another question relates to the regulatory climate. It is a question that stares you into the face when you study wireless community networks, that hardly any seem to exist in the USA today. The New America Foundation does its best to promote it, and there are projects such as the Digital Stewards scheme in Detroit that address exactly those social imbalances mentioned above.

The US really pose a conundrum. In 2003-4-5 there were community networks such as NYC Wireless, Seattle Wireless, Personal Telco Portland, Oregon. The story of one such project, Wireless Philadelphia, is being told in this report by the NAA http://www.newamerica.net/files/nafmigration/NAF_PhilWireless_report.pdf . Here, the city created quango Wirelesss Philadelphia handed over the commission to build the network to a private company, rather than consider alternatives. This created a dependency and weakened WP's ability to carry out its declared goals. Now, a newly configured WP tries to find other ways of furthering network access. The regulatory climate seems to be harsh, where companies use the courts to prevent cities from building broadband networks for all, as this is considered unfair competition. But if this really explains the complete absence of any US open wifi community networks? Amd what is the reason for that. But lets return to where it works.

The type of community network that seems to be doing well often comes from regions where it can fill a real need. On the countryside in Catalunya – Gurb, by the way, where Guifi comes from, is just a small village, but there is the larger town Vic, nearby – the problem was and is that they really could not get broadband; initially they could not get it at all and now the price is still high; the main reason is the attitude of the incumbent and also the fact that no significance competitor to the incumbent has arisen.

Thus, on the countryside Guifi grew out of a real need. According to my interview with Ramon Roca, initially they could use a public library as access point.

Ramon Roca: One of the things that helped us a lot in the beginning, maybe we did not have the Internet at home, but looking at places where there was some public institutions like libraries was a way of sharing the Internet.
In our case it was a public library, it was paid through our taxes - So we were already paying those Internet accesses; and they were happy for sharing that. It was free in this case in terms of gratis, so it was paid already in taxpayer's money.

Ramon suggests there are a number of ways in which community networks and public institutions can cooperate. So this is like an open model of collaboration between community network and the communes, the local small political entities. This is not a one-size-fits-all scheme of “municipial wireless”, but a range of possibilities how those entities could work together. For the politicians, who want to get re-elected, it is good to support Guifi because they can say they brought their citizens cheap broadband, and for Guifi support by the municipiality makes life much easier.

Similar models have also been found in Germany, where Freifunk communities have entered successful collaborations with local communities or firms; and in Greece, where in the Sarantaporo http://www.sarantaporo.gr/ area wireless comunity networks are getting built

The enthusiasm around Sarantaporo is a reminder how exciting all this was also here 10 years ago. There seems to be a better chance that community WiFi prospers, when it taps into other needs of a region or community. The fruit and vegetable farmers in Sarantaporo hope to have a more direct access to markets, giving them fairer prices.

In cities such as Barcelona it is different. There, you have various providers offering different types of broadband, from ADSL to cable to fiber optic at relatively affordable prices. The widely shared
assumption is that in such a setting there need to be other motivations to participate in a wireless community network; for the municipiality the motivation - it seems - to support such a network is small as the politicians can say that the market provides for all needs.

I would advise caution with regard to such assumptions. In the still ongoing economic crisis, the price for broadband is not negligible, especially if you are on low income. The Detroit story is the best evidence for that (see previous chapter). In cities there is also a digital divide but it is part of a larger divide, of social stratifications and of urban geographies. I think community networks would be wise to adopt strategies which also make that point that collective and not-for-profit network provision is also cheaper; even in the city it gives an economic advantage; the second point is that also in cities it can be beneficial to have cooperation between community networks and political entities.

In Berlin the big thing is the financial support of the regional government for Berlin Backbone. This gives Freifunk resources to play with, to create a wireless backbone from where smaller leaves can spread; it also gave the opportunity to renew the earlier already existing Berlin Backbone: this is something very interesting in the long run: wireless technology does age, especially those parts exposed to the weather.

It appears that both Guifi and Freifunk have successfully built models for growth of community networks across large metropolitan areas – because this is what is the case, their networks cover not just cities such as Berlin and Barcelona, but whole regions such as Catalanya and Eastern and Northern Germany. The crucial point seems to be to tap into needs and find a layer where it is possible to bring those needs and resources together. Yet, resources in this context means the mobilization of people to come together and cooperate.

[to be continued]

by Armin Medosch


Human kindness and sympathy from Europe to Donbass

Читать статью на русском Yesterday, on February 19, we brought humanitarian aid to the town of Perevalsk in the Lugansk People’s Republic. It has been over six months since I joined the SLAVYANGRAD project, founded by Gleb Bazov. I know that there are so many people from different countries all over the world who support … Continue reading

by Olga Luzanova

February 19, 2015

The GNU project

FSF Blogs: Friday Free Software Directory IRC meetup: February 20

Join the FSF and friends on Friday, February 20, from 2pm to 5pm EST (19:00 to 22:00 UTC) to help improve the Free Software Directory by adding new entries and updating existing ones. We will be on IRC in the #fsf channel on freenode.

Tens of thousands of people visit directory.fsf.org each month to discover free software. Each entry in the Directory contains a wealth of useful information, from basic category and descriptions, to providing detailed info about version control, IRC channels, documentation, and licensing info that has been carefully checked by FSF staff and trained volunteers.

While the Free Software Directory has been and continues to be a great resource to the world over the past decade, it has the potential of being a resource of even greater value. But it needs your help!

If you are eager to help and you can't wait or are simply unable to make it onto IRC on Friday, our participation guide will provide you with all the information you need to get started on helping the Directory today!

Decentralized Citizen Engagement Technologies

Interview: Kristina Donauskyte

Kristina Donauskyte is the co-founder of the Humanity Online project which supports communities to work together. The engage.re is an online platform that connects people, action and things so that anyone can understand and act within complex landscapes of change.

D-CENT interview: Kristina Donauskyte from D-CENT on Vimeo.

by Kaisa Eskola


Seduction Fail

Please, if I sit before you and bare my legs perhaps
I am interested in something, and you must look, open
Those insipid eyes and see, it is sunset a short lapse
Of time and you will miss the reflection of redemption
On my thighs, when the shadows grow long it won’t
Be the same, yes, my cunt prefers the natural daylight
Its Stygian furs short and its lips blushing, oh don’t
Chatter on, just shut up, look at me, how many times
Need I say don’t anal fuck me, don’t poke my clit it
Hurts, so just look at me I get off if you just look at me.

It has come to the level of boring absurdity, the level
Of post-modernistic self-sexing which has all lost
Its charm, its craft, even its novelty, and I only marvel
At the flatness and sterility of it all now because those
Are all there is, where is the sweet pleasure in these?
Even nihilism has its beauty, but these, a new age thing
Of blandness and confused appropriations of Asiatic
Culture, ack! global chic! nothing could ever be so boring
No explanation or non-explanation could ever pierce
The consciousness of such bloody thick white skulls.

Fatima Lasay, San Roque
Wednesday, February 18, 2015

by fatima

February 17, 2015

Devuan Weekly News

[Dng] Devuan Weekly News XII

Devuan Weekly News Issue XII

Volume 002, Week 7, Devuan Week 12



Hit a Wall? Here’s a Ladder

An uneasy wind blew fetid laments of arrogance and ivory towering.

These accusations are plain wrong. They come as voices from people invited to a cooking party sitting on their asses and complaining to the host who just arrived from the market that the meal is not ready. If you see a wall, you should get up from your chair and move around it.

OK, the site sucks, the absence of logo sucks, the release is not ready, Winter is too cold, Summer is too hot, etc. There’s plenty to complain about. But if you look around, you’ll see a vastness of empty space with work to do that’s just waiting for you to pick it up and make it nice.

If you lack time, the Devuan Weekly News is saving you some by pointing to what’s being said on the mailing list. It’s volunteer work, and you’re welcome to give a hand. As the list traffic grows, more attention is required to read everything and get to the point. Every week.

If you have time, you can explore the Gitlab and see what’s cooking. You can even register an account and chime in, opening issues, solving issues, meeting people, and joining teams.

Here’s from the project’s wiki:

> During the initial phase, until 1.0 is released, we shall follow a > very simple conceptual line: the more you do, the stronger your > voice on decisions.

(Hint: complaining and bikeshedding are not "doing")


Last Week in Devuan

About separate mailing lists

The first issue to track this week started in DWN XI, where Noel "Envite" raised the question of separating the single DNG list (this one) into a users list and a dev list. Steve Litt suggested that maybe the line should be drawn differently, like code Vs. philosophy, which was effectively in line with Envite’s proposal. Others suggest that it is not the moment, or that users should be aware of what developers do. The thread also had its own amount of litter.

Community polls on Devuan design

The thread about the logo poll saw an announce of partial results from Jaromil as well as a recommendation to the design team about keeping these results in mind when designing. It seems this whole thread created some confusion, as hellekin points out later.

The DWN team (currently Noel "Envite" and hellekin) wants to state that:

  • Our opinions count exactly the same as any other opinion.
  • We try to provide a neutral view of what is happening on Devuan, but we positively do not refrain from shedding our own light on it.
  • We welcome you to help us, and cast your own light as well.
  • We do not endorse any logo proposal.
  • We think democracy (and polls) are not always the best solution, specially when they can cause discussions on the roof of a bikeshed.
  • We think that a dedicated visual design team is a good idea, and that it should be a part of, and fully attentive to the community.

In summary: please keep Devuan Jessie going on, whatever we use for the roof of the bikeshed (or as the distribution logo).

Raspberry Pi 2

Robert Storey highlights the newly released Raspberry Pi 2, which could be used to test ARM support for Devuan. Jaromil informed about the possibility of selling Devuan preinstalled Raspberry Pi boxes. Wim reported that Raspberry Foundation will use Debian Jessie with systemd included. We also got news about ARM machines bought by Devuan.

Kali Linux

The previous thread offspringed this one about whether Kali Linux does actually have systemd. The consensus (trolls permitting) is that it doesn’t in the standard installation.

Bastille Linux

The discussion about Bastille Linux keeps going on with quite a high trolling level (it is not an error there is no link here). If somebody deserves to be quoted, he is william moss, throwing some sanity in.


Mitt requests guidelines about trademarks and non-free stuff. Our hellekin notes that the current focus is on providing a systemd-free Jessie, with almost no other changes.

dev and screen resolution]9

SteveT asks if vdev could not change screen resolution. The various answers point that no *dev actually does that, but may delegate the functionality to a module that does on its own.


Jonathan Wilkes indicates depinit, yet another alternate init system.

Has modern Linux lost its way?

Nate Bargmann started this week’s most prolific thread by pointing to a blog post by John Goerzen in which the issue of "modern Linux" being difficult to administer and troubleshoot is discussed.

Article and followup by John are here and here.

The thread has a fair amount of thanks posts and its dose of troll posts. In fact, the list people seems to mostly agree on the points, and in particular that servers should not be forced to use solutions meant for desktops. Discussion seems to revolve around complexity in general and not about systemd in particular. Citing Steve Litt:

> I think systemd is just the worst of many entangled monolithic > monsters, and is a symptom of the true problem.

One branch of the discussion teached how to configure wifi without network-manager, kindly provided by Didier Kryn, with contributions by others, specially Isaac Dunham. Hendrik Boom, on its turn, explained to substitute Network-Manager by wicd.

Another branch discussed again static devfs, and sg_map.

Yet another branch discussed diversity and how it can be a strenght and a weakness. Vince Mulhollon pointed that the problem is in the "obese DEs".

Programming languages

From the thread about "modern Linux" raises again the discussion about programming languages, where hendrik passes some in review and remembers that we agreed to use whatever is currently on Debian. Didier added:

> Dear developpers and maintainers, please continue providing us with > applications written in the language you prefer.

with the important point though of not forcing people if what you write is an API.

Weekly developer status update

The previous thread itself mutated into a mild complaint about the dev team being somehow isolated from the DNG list. This caused Jude Nelson to get the bullet with the tooth and write a status update, intended to be weekly. DWN recommends reading it (e.g. from the link at the top of this section).

Towards systemd-free packages

Last week’s thread goes on with indications from Jaromil about how to use the SDK, news regarding udev about to be replaced by eudev or vdedv, Rob Owens looking towards udevil, Isaac Dunham towards mdev, and Jaromil stating that the most probable course of action is to keep udev, but just by now, in order to have Devuan Jessie out.

Linux 3.20 or 4.0 and KDBUS

joerg reports that Linux 3.20 may be renumbered as 4.0 because it includes some new features, among which there is ‘Live kernel patching support via KDBUS’. He fears this makes the kernel depend on systemd.

Jude Nelson explains that kdbus just moves messages, and that while its userspace implementation is actually on systemd, it can be made out of it as well.

Keep Close to Debian

Luke Kenneth Casson Leighton raised an important concern. Two actually:

  • Will Devuan keep pulling packages from Debian or will it be a complete fork?

  • Will Devuan keep package compatibility with Debian so that they can be merged back into Debian?

It’s hard to tell, argues KatolaZ, who’s expecting a "functioning and fuss-free GNU/Linux, which I can tinker with as I like".

Both questions have some elements of answer in the wiki:

> "Devuan is born for a simple goal: having a systemd-free debian > jessie to preserve freedom choice on init and decoupling between > init and the rest of the system initially, it will NOT be a > complete fork, but just a complete infrastructure to distribute a > personalized version of debian jessie, testing and unstable where > some packages from us will be pinned up on top of the debian > repositories…"

Then we hear fiery tales of bridge burning, the happiness of the catharsis and the bizarre, and a recurring question: yes, or no? Is it a fork, or is it a spin? Luke Leighton brings some welcomed light about the context of these questions: yes, Devuan can choose to be mergeable with Debian and should not discard the possibility of a future merge. He insists that "it would be desirable for a future merge to actually happen." Devuan, he adds, "could be a ‘testing ground’ for radical ideas such as shredding systemd, which Debian could not possibly do without a massive amount of risky disruption."

The keyword here is continuity: whatever happens with Devuan, people will use it if they can switch to it from Debian without an itch–which at this point can happen, as some will need to be scratched sooner or later.

Devuan can be welcoming to existing Debian Maintainers and should be, thinks Hendrik Boom, as the probability of Devuan needing the collaboration of Debian Maintainers only grows with the growth of Devuan.

Luke: "if you try to go too far, you will overwhelm the team with the amount of work that will need to be done". He recommends that the differences between Devuan and Debian be kept to a minimum.

He wants "to have a word with the systemd team. i’m going to advocate to them that they make libsystemd0 be a dynamically-loaded runtime library", which Gravis wants to listen to, for the lulz.

TJ Duchene reminds that "Devuan was created because in our eyes, the Debian process failed under its own weight." He calls for not looking back. We’ll probably hear more about this topic next week!

About Devuan’s audience

Didier Kryn wonders if Devuan’s intended audience and current community is that of server admins only or users that want to "own their desktops" should be taken into account as well. The question is not yet settled by list consensus, while people explain why they are on Devuan’s ship.

Gravis tells us that he is working in a new security paradigm using POSIX means.

Valentine’s Day

Franco (and we all) received a Valentine’s Day gift from Jaromil. By explicit request it is not linked here, since it is a pre-alpha version. Svante Signell reports that it runs in quemu-kvm currently.

In a related, but different thread, KatolaZ wrote the instructions to make it run in qemu. Steve Litt reminds us all of the importance of good documentation, due to a question about qemu.

Devuan’s Not Gnome

DNG is the discussion list of the Devuan Project.

Do you want to continue reading Devuan Weekly News? Please help us:

  • Join us at IRC: #devuan-news at freenode
  • Contribute by resuming threads for the upcoming issue XIII

Thanks for reading us. See you next week, time permitting.

DWN Team

  • Noel, "er Envite" (Main writer, polisher)
  • hellekin (Editorial writer, co-writer, markup master)
  • golinux (typo spotter)

by Noel Torres


A Conversation with T. Merton

And as expected, the devil knew and came to practise
Non-violent resistance donning the badge of the pariah
Yet the shining privilege of one who has sold out glint
Not of the pariayar but of the Pharisee’s high moral ideal
Where non-violence is craftily employed as moral force
A subtle provocation devised to expose the evil of Other
And the justification of oneself content to prove to those
On each side of the division that one is so right after all
Because the devil has successfully confused symbols
With objects, baffled the Atman with the Reality of fools.

Where truly are the meek, those with the power of poverty
Without strength not out of defeatism or false passivity but
Of the desire to converse and behave not a politeia but
Of love, yes, only love, my spectre, would you have sincerely
Asked and forgiven, would you have wretched the pride out
Of your heart and practised The Art of the Possible and
Beyond it the efficacy of love, the openness to learn about
The heart of your adversary, to hope against all hope, to
Bear and endure everything, to listen with uncalculating
Patience, my beatitude, will you truly embrace no thing?

Fatima Lasay, San Roque
Tuesday, February 17, 2015

by fatima


The breeze came with the footsteps of the enemy
Upon dry vegetation of the south-east, his head
And shoes burned under the morning sun, and he
Heard their guns cock before their fingers held
Between the steel and sweat in a very bad dream
He saw his friends beneath a hail of imaginary
Bullets, he saw the top of all their heads they gleam
Under the heat of the sun the blood curdled quickly
It smudged the sleeve of his shirt a brush of black
On green, the grass soft and hot against his back.

Gunfire teased the air above him, his face to the sun
Blinded and one ear broken by the sound of a single
Shrapnel that found its way to his neck and into one
Grinding tooth, it kept him from closing his eyes until
The cackle of indirect fire came from two kilometres
Away, but sleep would never come because of the pain
Because of faint jeering, his enemies, because of sputters
Of gun fire in each face nearer and nearer and again
And again he gasped until the last sniper fire finally scared
Them away and a chicken came upon him and pecked.

Fatima Lasay, San Roque
Tuesday, February 17, 2015

by fatima

February 16, 2015

Annamaria Monteverdi

Intervista a Anna Monteverdi a cura di Armando Adolgiso

Su Cosmotaxi, rivista interstellare del regista e scrittore, nonché raffinato conoscitore di Arte e Teatro Armando Adolgiso la mia intervista! Che leggete nell’originale qua: Studiosa da anni di digital performance e videoteatro, la ritengo, e non sono il solo, la più acuta osservatrice della nuova scena tecnologica che abbiamo in Italia. Autrice di opere quali l’imperdibile […]

by annamaria monteverdi



She wasn’t his type, a rather large homely woman, pulpy
On the cheeks and breasts and yet he decided to give
Himself the benefit of a fuck he rightly deserved certainly
After being the most considerate bastard yet they leave
They always leave and he couldn’t understand why what
The fuck do they want do they need if he had gone to
The Oracle she would tell him to crash his car into that
Big slut’s fence and yes call her slut then come down to
Where she’ll shriek as he sucked the sucking sounds a
Joy to hear to the rhythm of her short breathless ga-

Do you think I should turn him in, oh what do I mean turn
Him in, well there are some people who would, some
People who would love to know where he lives just when
Some people, who do you think, the fascists who come
Round with their shotguns looking for the suckers those
Suckers who, freeloaders who, spongers who pretend
They are sick and indisposed, jesus christ wouldn’t you
Just kill to set things straight the way they should and
Set things back the long and narrow, fascist mercenaries
Walk this way the bone and marrow, they will know who is-

Fatima Lasay, San Roque
Monday February 16, 2015

by fatima


The Tragedy of Uglegorsk: Exodus from the “City of the Dead”

Original: Komsomolskaya Pravda Translated by Alya Bailey / Edited by @GBabeuf Photo credits: Aleksandr Kots, Dmitriy Steshin The Militia opened a humanitarian corridor for the residents and organised the evacuation. The Ukrainian side did not want to let the civilians cross their front line. People started leaving the town early in the morning. We ran … Continue reading

by babeuf79

February 15, 2015


Google Cabs And Uber Bots Will Challenge Jobs 'Below The API'

Google Cabs And Uber Bots Will Challenge Jobs 'Below The API':

Since Amazon Mechanical Turk introduced automated task management on the web in 2005, there has been a rise of jobs controlled by software APIs. These employers include 99designs, Uber, TaskRabbit and HomeJoy. There is a growing disparity between workers who make the software (above the API) and those completing the tasks (below the API). Many jobs that can be parceled out via API will be vulnerable to robot automation, perhaps as soon as 2020.

February 14, 2015

Informatic school is in southwest Cameroon

Inauguration of the new school site

The  occassion started at about 9:00 am with the mounting  of the  canopy. A sound system 

was installed.



There was the arrival of the Ngemba Women from Mukindi village and other for the opening of the site.As you can see from  the picture below, they are taking light refreshment to encourage their stay



There was the arrival of the Ngemba Women from Mukindi village and other for the opening of the site.As you can see from  the picture below, they are taking light refreshment to encourage their stay



two swiss friend, Angela and Mathias were present


These are the chairs of the D.O (Divisional Officer) and our Chief in mokindi



we also acknowledge the presence of the quarter head of quarter two Pa Ngwa.


while waiting for the arrival of the D.O (Divisional Officer) we had a little fun and entertainments from a teacher Madam Rachel who showed us some few dancing steps.


At 10:20am, the arrival of D.O Representative’s for the

inauguration of the site.


Madam Chanceline and the daughter welcomes the

D.O’s Representative with a beautiful flower and the run down programm of the occasion.




it was also followed by a welcome speech

from one of  our visitors called Madam

Angela from Switzerland.

she gave a word of courage to the student

of linux friend and talks about the importances of our school,

how it function.

Also, she  elaborating on our courses and giving the important of each course how helpful is it.

apprepriate the visited persons for being a participant

in the occasion of the site




here comes the students of linux friends  singing their welcoming song with the help of Madam Rechel being our conductress.




Madam Chanceline and the daughter welcomes the

D.O’s Representative with a beautiful flower and the run down programm of the occasion.



Our D.O’s Representative, the Chief and the

other importance persons are now seated.








by admin



There never seemed any closure to the broken strings
In his life, he knots the pieces together but his heart hurts
In the night when the dream comes, the vision that brings
The sham that keeps him alive, he stood naked, the welts
On his chest throbbing like a gaping wound and he walked
A narrow corridor its walls decorated with photographs of
His son, his daughter, his dead ex-wife whom he often talked
Of to numb the emptiness of his conversations, to numb
The pity and anger he felt because his friends had forgotten
Him it seems they could not keep up with his cock and b-

At the end of the corridor was a window, he looked and saw
A house that he once knew where a man came round with a
Shotgun with the cigar with the sneer looking for the fellow
Who was shagging his wife, he knew it was best to turn away
Into the darkness where he entertained the photographs with
Songs and monologues because the photographs did not
Disappear, an audience with determination and resolve with
The staying power his tedious talents his cock and b- called for
In these dreams he practised the whimper that came between
His tears and his laughters, and this is how he endures the din.

Fatima Lasay, San Roque
Saturday, February 14, 2015

by fatima

February 13, 2015


The Exile

No I never sold off, not in the silence of my sanctuary
I never turned away from my disgust of the bankrupt
Fortress of capitalism, the fruits of cruel depravity
Deep in the culture of fetish and commodity, but stop
There and see that I still love you and think dearly
Of our labours, the struggle in the name of our art
When art was unafraid of the power of money, control
Of the lives of our people, do you remember what
I said, did you not think I was bold and no one would
Dare because they fear they have nowhere else to go.

Here is the secret, the hidden key to freedom, thus
I have found upon my exile, while we are so used to
The creative powers of our code, the use of detritus
To build our computing machines, we overlooked so
Easily the energy of the earth from which all things
Come and there there is sanctuary, it is forgotten it is
Outside the grasp of most of us so much more of our
Enemies, there are no retailable assets in these nor
Prestige for the post-industrialist seeker of fortune now
Where else is nowhere, I found, my struggle is over.

Fatima Lasay, San Roque
Thursday, February 12, 2015

by fatima

February 12, 2015

Defective by Design

Living free: recent updates to the DRM-free Living Guide

We've just finished another round of updates to the Guide to DRM-free Living, with tons of new entries for publishers, artists, platforms, and other providers of digital media who distribute files free of Digital Restrictions Management. The guide now contains over 200 entries for places to get DRM-free ebooks, movies, and music.

Some titles available from Rebellion Publishing

Some titles available from Rebellion Publishing

Included among the new additions are Leanpub, a platform for authors to write and publish programming books and Rebellion Publishing, which sells graphic novels and comics.

DRM-Free Logo

Have a suggestion for an entry on the DRM-free Living Guide? Add it to the Defective by Design area on the LibrePlanet wiki or send it over by email to info@defectivebydesign.org.

by Alex Patel



Surely as I sit before you, man, do you know how
The apparatus of the cunt needs the tongue of man
It needs yes it needs you to pray kneel between now
And forever, between heaven and god, the lines of tan
Across your chest sinking into that magnificent armoury
Of spurting and pricking weapons, but oh tongue me
Let me watch you before this congress of orations
Let me come in your winsome face and endure once again
The lashes of your tongue, spread me open, libations
For your mouth pour like the mountain springs of Eden!

No! My teats bleed like the vulva of beasts, blood glistens
Between my legs is bled the origin of man, hold me
Yes! In your mouth and bleed upon you, we nourish sins
Of our mothers and the women before them you will see
Through this divine wonder of creation, do you see, man
Do you see god in my cunt, food for which you hunger
Eternally, suck me and play with this vulval succulent
Entrails, steaming sweetmeats for the sweet ardent lover
Now kiss me please kiss me while my mouth gapes for
Your most enticing prick I promise never to ask for more.

Fatima Lasay, San Roque
Thursday, February 12, 2015

by fatima


Bruce Sterling on startups' role in helping the global rich get richer

Bruce Sterling on startups' role in helping the global rich get richer:

Bruce Sterling’s speech from NEXT Berlin is a blast of cold air on the themes of startup life, disruption, and global collapse. Bruce excoriates the startup world for its complicity with the conspiracy of the global investor class to vastly increase the wealth of a tiny minority, and describes the role that “design fiction” has in changing this.

Elon Musk Donates $10M To Make Sure AI Doesn’t Go The Way Of Skynet

Elon Musk Donates $10M To Make Sure AI Doesn’t Go The Way Of Skynet:

Tesla and SpaceX chief executive Elon Musk has gone on record before proclaiming the potential risks of artificial intelligence, and now he’s putting his money where his mouth is. The intrepid inventor and entrepreneur announced a donation of $10 million to help fund research to “keep AI beneficial” to humanity today. The funds go to the Future of Life Institute (FLI), an organization run by volunteers dedicated to research aimed at “mitigate[ing] existential risks facing humanity,” and specifically those related to our ongoing progress towards AI that can approach human capabilities…

You don’t just need to hack to be a hacker”

You don’t just need to hack to be a hacker”:

Author of “A Hacker Manifesto” and “Gamer Theory”, McKenzie Wark has responded to our questions post-Transmediale on his hacktivist theory for the Anthropocene. (game theory, post-marxism and hacker ethics.)

Transcript of "Online social change: easy to organize, hard to win"

Transcript of "Online social change: easy to organize, hard to win":

The Future of the Web Is 100 Years Old - Issue 21: Information - Nautilus

The Future of the Web Is 100 Years Old - Issue 21: Information - Nautilus:

The web has played such a powerful role in shaping our world that it can sometimes seem like a fait accompli—the inevitable result of progress and enlightened thinking. A deeper look into the historical record, though, reveals a different story: The web in its current state was by no means inevitable. Not only were there competing visions for how a global knowledge network might work, divided along cultural and philosophical lines, but some of those discarded hypotheses are coming back into focus as researchers start to envision the possibilities of a more structured, less volatile web.
By the late 19th century, the modern information age had already begun. The industrialization of the printing press, coupled with the introduction of cheap rag paper, had dramatically altered the economics of publishing. Much of Europe and North America was awash in data. Daily newspapers, cheap magazines, and mass-market novels all emerged during this period, along with a flurry of institutional reports, memos, and all kinds of other printed ephemera…


Minsk Agreement 2.0 – February 12, 2015

Translated by Gleb Bazov / Edited by @GBabeuf Source: News.Kremlin.Ru For English Text of the Normandy Four Declaration, please see: Eng.Balt.By (in Russian – News.Kremlin.Ru) A Set of Measures for the Implementation of the Minsk Agreements Immediate and comprehensive ceasefire in certain areas of the Donetsk and the Lugansk regions of Ukraine and its strict implementation commencing … Continue reading

by Gleb Bazov



The screen glowed with the propaganda of the right
And never wrong in the comfort of their beliefs their
Followers spread rumours and doctrines with high
Claims and entertainment, they hail emotions where
Questions simply become a Malthusian commitment
To the pillory of The Lazy, The Ignorant, The Poor
Those whose freedom is envied, such resentment
From the middle classes who mimic the gospel of
Their rulers, for they are trapped in their mortgages
For the upkeep of their pretensions and their pledges.

And predictably, the propaganda of the left echoes
And feeds the monster that enslaves them all with trolls
Of little pieces of issues to chew on, to set up bellows
Of protest here and there, with instant slogans, calls
To action and such other profitable things, these clubs
A convincing coterie of extremists in the right-wing payroll
Make for a well-orgnanised theatre of democracy rubs
Lightly of socialism for flavour, and the multitude they all
Either heckle or hide and at the end of the day earn their
Keep, murmuring quietly as would any cog in the machine.

Fatima Lasay, San Roque
Thursday, February 12, 2015

by fatima

February 11, 2015


Ukraine sabotaged the evacuation of locals from Debaltsevo

A convoy of buses returned empty from this hot spot Original article in Russian by A. Kots and D. Steshin Translated by Alya Bailey / Edited by Alan Bailey “Nobody wants to go to the Donetsk People’s Republic!” internet warriors—both volunteers and paid ones—are gloating. The Ukrainian authorities conducted a massive propaganda campaign in the … Continue reading

by Olga Luzanova

February 10, 2015

Devuan Weekly News

[Dng] Devuan Weekly News XI

Devuan Weekly News Issue XI

Volume 02, Week 6, Devuan Week 11



From Devuan Weekly News we want to mourn the end of CrunchBang Linux.

Talking about something else, it seems that the list is becoming two-fold. On one hand, it becomes concentrated on development, while at the same time it discusses more philosophical issues. Maybe is it the moment to separate into a dev list and a users list?

Last Week in Devuan

libsysdev v0.1.0

Isaac Dunham reported a file descriptor leak in sysdev. His patch allows now to use evdev without udev.


Javier Ortega Conde suggested Devuan could use a distribution-independent installer called Calamares.


Unsteady Contemplation reports that Bastille-linux doesn’t work with debian anymore, and makes some comments on Debian’s security. He also shows us some videos while hating systemd.

We at DWN want to remind that we are moved by datalove, not hate. <3

Device Management

In the long thread about device management, Ben remembers us that device management is necessary, and explains why udev way is way better that static allocation or the old Unix way.

Towards Systemd-Free Packages

Jude Nelson asks whether there’s a list of packages dependent on systemd. The quick answer is issue #6 of packages-base:

Packages to be recompiled for standard desktop install

This thread additionally offers a handful of sneak peeks at what’s cooking in Devuan behind the scenes:

  • jaromil is working on devuan-sdk, a shell tool programmed in Zshell to provide a streamlined way of porting Debian packages to Devuan, and some other automation goodies ("installer and livecd baking").

  • people willing to "adopt a package" can do so by submitting an issue to the packages-base issue tracker.

  • i386 and amd64 will probably be released before arm and other architectures.

  • the VUA team settled on Jenkins for continuous integration instead of Debian’s own dbuild. Along with Gitlab, that announces quite a modern infrastructure.

Downgrades-towards systemd-free

In a spinoff of the previously mentioned thread, Godefridus Daalmans wonders that Devuan Jessie would need to keep some packages, like cups, with a version lower than that of Debian Jessie, due to newly introduced dependencies on systemd. He also proposes a wiki to inform people on the downgrade process.

Jaromil answered that some packages uploaded to jenkins would be better than the wiki.

Steve Litt proposes lobbying upstreams to not depend on systemd.

Nikolaus Klepp suggested substituting the Desktop Environments like Gnome or the current KDE for Trinity Desktop Environment.

Adam Borowski tells us that some dependencies on systemd come from the Utopia stack, that might be used by MATE.

Neo Futur cross-posts to trinity-users to make them know Devuan might be interested in TDE.


Robert Storey points us to the fact that Enlightenment in Debian is at version 17 while version 19 is available. John Holland remembers that Debian Jessie will have version 18.


wiliam moss tells us that XFCE runs properly in FreeBSD, so it can not have dependencies on systemd.


macondo reports that gufw failed to install on Debian without systemd. Nate Bargmann points that the dependency comes from the graphical part through policykit since ufw does not have any such dependency.

Gravis suggests installing old versions of packages to avoid the newly introduced dependencies. Adam Borowski suggests instead to

> recompile policykit with –disable-systemd – it uses ConsoleKit then.

KDE without systemd

Ed Ender reports that Alien BOB has built KDE 5.2 without systemd on Slackware.

CrunchBang Linux

Nate Bargmann notices the end of the development of CrunchBang Linux and wonders if systemd is one of the reasons. Several posters confirm this thought.

Jaromil points out that we should welcome their community.

Package versions

In the Good Ol’ thread about how to version packages, tilt and Jaromil confirm that +devuanX works for the version part. The question seems settled now.

Devuan Editors

In a controversial thread, Community polls on Devuan design, jaromil invited community members to setup a poll to measure the popularity of the variety of logo proposals and steer towards a beta design to accompany the upcoming alpha release.

Of course most people started pointing at their favorite, but a sneaky team of pirates including cocoadaemon, golinux, and hellekin, voted themselves into a design team.

> Appearance is not to be confused with design.

Alban "cocoadaemon" Crommer designed the acclaimed logo that elegantly mixes in the Debian spiral, and Fira Sans type commissioned by Mozilla for Firefox OS. Unless our readership kills us with inflammatory comments, it darn looks like the Devuan logo. Next thing we know is that they’re already planning on delivering some kickass design across the spectrum, from the Web to the desktop.

The #devuan-www channel’s topic says:

> We’re neither Web masters nor slaves, and neither should you.

The Web team is part of the Devuan editors, forming a transdisciplinary team of people interested in information design, interface design, code, words, and the arts. Their mission is to provide presence and identity


william moss points that LILO does not work for UEFI, while ELILO does.

Daniel Cegiełka points that LILO also fails to boot on several other configurations. A discussion raises about if LILO should be maintained inside Devuan and the pros and cons of Grub2.

Devuan’s Not Gnome

DNG is the discussion list of the Devuan Project.

Devuan Weekly News is made by people like you: you’re welcome to contribute! Feel free to edit. Also you can join and criticize us at IRC: #devuan-news at freenode

Thanks for reading us. See you next week.

DWN Team

  • Noel, "er Envite" (Editor)
  • hellekin (Co-writer, markup master)

by Noel Torres

Annamaria Monteverdi

Roma, “2025 – Future Environment Human”, 12-15 febbraio.

Via Facemagazine.it Come sarà il mondo nel 2025? Se lo chiedono gli artisti invitati a partecipare a 2025 – Future Environment Human che, attraverso progetti di arti visive, musica, cinema, teatro e architettura, rappresenteranno la loro idea di futuro, raccontando un mondo chiamato ad evolversi nel segno della sostenibilità e di un nuovo rapporto tra uomo […]

by annamaria monteverdi

Gary Hill, Depth Charge, Opening February 26, Galleria Lia Rumma (Mi)

La Galleria Lia Rumma via Stilicome 19 Milano ospita dal 26 febbraio alle 19 la terza personale italiana di Gary Hill, dal titolo Depth Charge. Dopo le personali del 1996 e del 1999, presentate rispettivamente a Napoli e a Milano, nella prima sede di Via Solferino, l’artista californiano esporrà sui tre piani della galleria due lavori recenti: […]

by annamaria monteverdi

February 09, 2015


Mariupol, the war and the propaganda war

On January 8, Ukrainian Prime Minister, Arseniy Yatsenyuk, met Angela Merkel to discuss the situation in Ukraine. In their joint press conference, Chancellor Merkel praised the austerity-inspired budget the Ukrainian Rada had recently approved, and urged the IMF to unblock the next tranche of financial aid to Kiev. When speaking about the conflict in eastern … Continue reading

by Olga Luzanova

February 08, 2015


The Negotiations in Moscow

Original: Colonel Cassad Translated by Alexander Fedotov / Edited by @GBabeuf Talks in Moscow between Putin, Hollande and Merkel continue. By evening some details and background of these negotiations became public; some evaluate them as a final attempt to avoid further escalation in Ukraine. As gazeta.ru has stated, the Americans have no relation to Merkel’s … Continue reading

by babeuf79